With each passing day, Broccoli more and more people are adopting vegetarian food into their diet because of the health benefits. If you are one among them, then the green tree-like veggie that you saw at the grocer’s yesterday can be your new best friend. The green cauliflower that resembles a miniature tree is known as broccoli and has myriad health benefits. Broccoli is an edible green plant that is a powerhouse of nutrients like vitamin C and K, minerals, antioxidants, fiber, potassium, iron, and sodium among other things. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broccoli And do not presume that since it is healthy, it would not be tasty. Broccoli is one of the most flavorsome veggies available in the market today.

What is Broccoli?

it is an edible vegetable that belongs to the cabbage family and is widely cultivated across the globe for its high nutritional value. The plant is generally green in color and closely resembles a cauliflower but for its green or purplish flower buds.  The word broccoli means the flowering crest of cabbage and there are around three main cultivars of broccoli, videlicet: Sprouting Broccoli, Calabrese Broccoli, and Purple Cauliflower. Here we have listed the top ten health benefits of including broccoli in your everyday diet, its nutritional value and more. Read on to know more.

Benefits of Broccoli

1. Anti- Carcinogen Properties

Recent findings in the medical field have linked to being a potent veggie in preventing cancer and other diseases. A journal published by researchers of the University of Connecticut suggests that two key nutrients called selenium and sulforaphane that are present in broccoli have anti-carcinogen properties and can be useful in curbing cancer.

2. Detoxifies the Body

Research partly funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences showed that daily consumption of sprout beverage is effective in ridding the body of airborne pollutants or toxins. 291 men and women from the Jiangsu Province in China became a part of the clinical trial. Glucoraphanin in broccoli gets converted to sulforaphane upon consumption and is effective in detoxification of the body.

3. Prevents heart diseases

Research conducted at the University of Connecticut suggests that it is very effective in the prevention of heart-related diseases.  it is known to facilitate the blood pumping ability of the heart. Regular intake of that causes the heart to sustain lesser damage in cases of oxygen deprivation to the heart. It also regulates the blood pressure of the body and regulates cholesterol and prevents heart attacks.

4. Lowers Cholesterol Level

that is known to reduce cholesterol levels of the body as the soluble fibers present in broccoli bind with bile acids and hence draw out bad cholesterol from the body through the digestive tract. Recent findings by the Institute of Food Research concluded that can lower LDL or bad cholesterol in the body by almost 6 percent.

5. Prevents Diabetes

According to a new study, conducted at the American Association of the Advancement of Science, the extract of sprouts can be used as a potent weapon to curb Type 2 Diabetes. Sulforaphane, a compound that is found in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables reduces glucose production in the liver significantly and hence reverses the disease and its effects.

6. Improves teeth and bone health

Research published by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) suggests that can prevent brittle bones and dental problems. it is also very helpful in preventing Osteoporosis.

7. Anti-allergic properties

Broccoli sprouts are high in quercetin, polyphenols, and kaempferols which are anti-allergic in nature. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, broccoli is also effective in reducing the inflammation of the airway in asthmatics. A journal published at MDPI showed that quercetin, a compound that is found in broccoli is an antioxidant that scavenges free radicals from the body, inhibits the release of histamines and stimulates the immune system.

8. Rich source of Vitamin C

According to the Dairy Council of California, broccoli has high concentrates of Vitamin C and beta carotene. The Vitamin C in broccoli is twice as much as in one orange. Vitamin C is used to repair tissue damage and reduce free radicals in the body. Vitamin C also has antihistamine properties. Glucoraphanin, a compound found in broccoli helps prevent sun damage.

9. Keeps the stomach healthy

Broccoli is loaded with dietary fiber. According to research conducted at the University of Liverpool, broccoli boosts gut health. The fiber in broccoli helps harmful bacteria to pass through the bowels, keeping the gastrointestinal tract free of problems. Another research showed that broccoli is helpful in preventing stomach cancer.

10. Anti- Inflammatory properties

A research conducted by the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition and published by the NCBI showed that broccoli is a powerhouse of antioxidants and polyphenols. Polyphenols are vital in protecting cells against oxidative damage. They destroy free radicals and have shown metal chelating properties.

Nutritional Values of Broccoli

Nutritional value of 100 gms of Broccoli

Energy141 kJ
Carbohydrate6.64 gm
Sugar1.7 gm
Dietary Fibre2.6 gm
Fat0.37 gm
Proteins2.82 gm
Vitamin A equivalent31 µg
Thiamine0.071 mg
Riboflavin0.117 mg
Niacin0.639 mg
Pantothenic Acid0.573 mg
Vitamin B60.175 mg
Folate B963 µg
Vitamin C89.2 mg
Vitamin E0.78 mg
Vitamin K101.6 µg
Calcium47 mg
Iron0.72 mg
Magnesium21 mg
Manganese0.21 mg
Phosphorus66 mg
Potassium316 mg
Sodium33 mg
Zinc0.41 mg

Risks or Precautions when consuming Broccoli

  1. HIV/ AIDS patients are advised to avoid broccoli as it causes gas in the stomach and one can feel bloated and not hungry.
  2. Consumption of large quantities of broccoli is unhealthy as the number of antioxidants in the body increases. Although antioxidants are useful in fighting free radicals, in high amounts, they can target the healthy cells of the body and cause more harm than good.
  3. Some people might be allergic to green cabbage. Symptoms like stomach pain, wheezing, rashes, nausea, itching or nasal congestion can occur if a person is allergic to broccoli.
  4. If consumed in large quantities, like the other members of the cabbage family can cause gas build up in the stomach and intestine and cause bloating and discomfort.

How to Consume Broccoli

it can be consumed either raw or cooked. Broccoli is flavorsome and tasty and can be prepped in a jiffy. Here are a few ways to consume cabbage.

1.Steamed Broccoli

Green cabbage should be cut into florets and run under cold tap water. Then you can steam the florets in a microwave or stove for a few minutes till tender. Plunge them in ice-cold water to prevent overcooking. Add some salt, a little drizzle of olive oil and vinegar and enjoy.

2. Roasted Broccoli

Cut the green cabbage into florets, wash and pat dry. Then toss them in a generous amount of olive oil, salt to taste, black pepper and herbs of your choice. Spread the florets on a baking pan in a single layer and bake at 190◦ centigrade for 15 minutes. Take out of the oven, flip the florets and bake for another 10 minutes at the same temperature. Dig into the crispy goodness.

3. Broccoli in Salad:

that is one of those vegetables that can be consumed raw. Cut a few florets of cabbage and wash them and throw them in a bowl. Add chopped lettuce, chopped carrots, onion, celery, and cranberries. Add mayonnaise, olive oil, sugar, salt and vinegar, and toss.

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Some Fun Facts about Broccoli

is one of the oldest vegetables on the planet. It has been on the planet for the last 2000 years.

it is a cruciferous vegetable of the Brassicaceae family. Other vegetables in the family are cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, and garden cress.

China and India are the two countries that account for the maximum production of green cabbage in the world. Next in line is the USA.

The largest broccoli was grown by John and Mary Evans and it weighed 35 pounds.

it is a versatile vegetable that should be included in the everyday diet. The vegetable is not only wholesome for your health, but it also tastes delicious.  We are sure that with so many benefits and delights to your taste buds the veggie is bound to find its way to your heart and stomach.


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